Article - The History of the European Union: SoSoomoStrava.info

 was formed after the Second World War in 1957. It was created for the purpose of bringing the countries of Europe closer together as the leaders of Europe did not want to suffer through another war like World War II ever again. What is now known as the European Union began with only six members and has now expanded to 27. The development of the EU increased cooperation between European nations and paved the way for a single currency to be used throughout Europe: the Euro.

The Paris Treaty (The European Coal & Steel Community)

The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was created and officially established in 1951. Through the creation of the ECSC, early members of the EU hoped to improve the economy by creating a common market for coal and steel. This was the first step taken by the EU after WWII. The ECSC was the stepping stone for the European Economic Community (EEC).

  •  – This article briefly summarizes the history and purpose of the ECSC.
  •  – This article contains the full-text contents of the treaty.
  •  – This article provides a detailed background of the ECSC’s history, purpose, and functions.
  •  – This webpage provides a brief a brief, yet solid background on the ECSC. It also mentions who the leaders were.
  •  – This article details the history and function of the treaty.

The Rome Treaty (The European Economic Community)

The Treaty of Rome was used to form the European Economic Community (EEC). This treaty is sometimes also referred to as the Treaty of the European Community (TEC). Many of the provisions of this treaty are still in effect to this day. The main focus of the treaty was economic cooperation.

  •  – The full text of the Treaty of Rome is presented on this webpage.
  •  – This is an article that details the contents of the Treaty of Rome as well as its effects on Europe as a whole.
  •  – This article provides a detailed description and analysis of the EEC.
  •  – This article briefly outlines the history of the Treaty of Rome and explains the effects that it has had on Europe.
  •  – This webpage explains the history of the EEC.

The Maastricht Treaty (The Treaty on the EU, Euro currency)

The name of this treaty was actually inspired by the town in Netherlands where those who would sign the treaty gathered. This is the treaty that created the modern version of the EU. It was created by Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Belgium, Denmark, and the United Kingdom. The Maastricht treaty was officially signed on February 7, 1992 and went into effect on November 1, 1993.

  •  – This article describes the history of the treaty.
  •  – This PDF document includes the full text of the treaty.
  •  – This article outlines the pros and cons of the treaty from a financial perspective.
  •  – This webpage details the history and purpose of the treaty and includes helpful illustrations and graphs.
  •  – This is a timeline that relates to the implementation of the Euro throughout the EU.

The Lisbon Treaty (The Treaty on the Functioning of the EU)

EU members met to discuss the Lisbon Treaty in 2002. Although the treaty was signed in 2007, it would not fully go into effect until December of 2009. The purpose of the Lisbon Treaty is to create a more balanced and democratic entity of the EU. The main pillars of the treaty include centralized power, a president and a single foreign policy post, and the extension of powers to the European parliament.

  •  – This is the preamble of the Lisbon Treaty.
  •  – This is a highly detailed article that describes and comments on the Lisbon Treaty.
  •  – This is a news article from 2007, outlining the benefits of the treaty.
  •  – This article explains why the treaty was put in place, the history of the treaty, and the changes it would bring about for Europeans.
  •  – This article provides a policy summary as well as the author’s perspective on the potential effects of the Lisbon Treaty.

The European Union has a long and rich history. Though the EU as we know it today is relatively new, the main organization has actually been around since the end of WWII. The original purpose of the EU was to promote economic and political cooperation between the European states. The four aforementioned treaties have helped make the EU the successful entity that it is today.

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